Neotropical Biology and Conservation 14(1): 129-135, doi: 10.3897/neotropical.14.e34842
New record of giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla (Pilosa, Myrmecophagidae) in Northeast Brazil
expand article infoDouglas de Matos Dias, Flávia Regina Miranda§, Flávio Henrique Guimarães Rodrigues
‡ Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil§ Instituto de pesquisa e Conservação de Tamanduás no Brasil, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
Open Access

The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) is the largest living anteater, which due to several anthropic impacts, is threatened with extinction. So far, there was only one locality with a confirmed record of M. tridactyla in Northeast of Brazil. We present a new direct record of the species in Brazilian Northeast, registered in July 2017 by camera trap, in an arboreal caatinga area, municipality of Sento Sé, Bahia. This record is the second one of the species in the Caatinga Biome and confirms the occurrence of M. tridactyla in the state of Bahia. It constitutes the first direct record of M. tridactyla in more than 13 years of monitoring in the study area, suggesting that the species is locally rare.

Caatinga, distribution, giant anteater